Biomass Supply

IEA Bioenergy Webinar – Understanding Indirect Land-Use Change (ILUC) and Why Reality is a Special Case

Task 43 hosted the “Understanding Indirect Land-Use Change (ILUC) and Why Reality is a Special Case” online webinar on 28 June, 2023.

Indirect land-use change (ILUC) continues to be a controversial and challenging issue when trying to verify the effects of biobased production systems on climate and the environment. This presentation will share findings from a recent report that evaluates approaches used to estimate the international impacts of increases in production and use of biofuels on commodity markets and land use. The research identified two distinct narratives which generate divergent results based on how questions are framed and corresponding modelling assumptions: the “Trade and Market Response” narrative asserts that biofuel markets create a shock in demand and in response to this shock, capital and land markets adjust (other variables are typically assumed to be held constant); under the “Internal Adjustment Response” narrative the production system responds to the biofuel demand as it does to other simultaneously changing demands. The differences between modeling parameters and site-specific conditions are examined as one means key to better understand and address ILUC concerns related to land use for renewable energy systems. As more data accumulates since the introduction of U.S. biofuels policies, evidence increasingly questions key relationships assumed in the Trade and Market Response models.

Read more in the report: Towards an improved assessment of indirect land-use change – Evaluating common narratives, approaches, and tools

The presentations can be accessed here:

Towards an improved assessment of Indirect Land Use Change – Hans Langeveld, Biomass Research

Reality is a special case – Keith Kline, Oak Ridge National Laboratory & Virginia Dale, University of Tennessee